Child development 0—3 months Child development 0—3 months Coming into the world is a very big and scary adventure for babies. They can feel comfortable or uncomfortable, but they don't know that this is because they are full, safe, afraid, or hungry.
They quickly learn to recognise the voice and smell possibly breast milk of the person who feeds them and holds them most often but they do not know this is their mother. However, even from birth, they start to communicate with you and give you little signals when they are tired or hungry or awake and alert.
They are learning all the time, and the job of parents is to help them to know that the world is a welcoming place for them to be in, where their needs will be met and they will learn to feel safe and loved. Remember that for a new baby everything is new and scary at first, even a nappy change.
This topic may use 'he' and 'she' in turn - please change to suit your child's sex.
Social and emotional development Your newborn baby cannot understand what is happening to her. She does not know she is a person. She does not know who helps when she cries. She may feel happy when she feeds, but she does not know what 'happy' is.
She cries when she is hungry or needs to sleep, but does not know that she is being cared for. Your newborn baby cries because of something that is happening inside him. He doesn't understand what is happening and he doesn't understand that you might be able to help him feel better. Each baby is different, and each grows and develops in the way that is right for this baby Every baby is very different. You have heard that before but it is really true.
Each baby has a different personality.
They may be easygoing and placid, or shy and worried, or easily upset, and you will get to know this over the early months. Looking into someone's eyes is a necessity for 'falling in love' and forming a close and warm relationship.
The sounds of human voices are also very important to her, even though she does not understand them.
Soon, they will be able to roll over and back again on their own and, like adults, they will toss and turn in their sleep. Babies even tend to hate cosleeper cribs yes, I did say that and no, I have never and would never buy one myself.
All new babies are very busy with their body. You can tell by her face that she is preoccupied a lot of the time with whatever is going on inside herself. Sometimes it's just too much! Crying Many babies under 3 months old cry a lot, especially in the late afternoon or evening. This crying, often called colic, seems in part due to being overwhelmed by all that is happening inside their body as well as outside their environment.
It is important to never shake a baby. Hearing and seeing Your newborn baby can hear, and he has been hearing noises from well before he was born. Your newborn baby does not understand what he sees.
In the first 3 months he is attracted by faces, bright light, primary colours, stripes, dots and patterns. The human face is the first 'object' he recognises by learning that the shapes of eyes, nose and mouth form a face.
Hanging pictures of faces and simple toys above his cot will give him practice at looking and learning.
Using their bodies New babies move their bodies while they are awake, but they do not yet know how to make each part of their body move, or even that all the bits belong to them. Infants in the first 8 weeks have no control over their movements and all their physical activity is involuntary or reflex.
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Sucking, grasping holding something tight in their hand , and startling jumping when there is a loud noise or they are suddenly moved are all reflexes. In their third month they will begin to watch their hands and feet wave in the air and also begin to wave their fist towards your face or some other desired object. They are beginning to get the idea that they have a body that moves, feels, has skin all round it and that they have some influence over what it does!
They start to work out how to lift their heads when lying on the tummy, and kick their legs by about 8 weeks. Speech and language Your baby shows how she feels by what her face, voice and body does.
For your newborn baby, crying is the main way she has to let you know something is wrong, and soon she may start having different cries for different things — hunger pain, wet, cold, fear and loneliness. You will begin to recognise these different cries in the first few weeks. It is important to respond to your tiny baby as quickly as you can so she begins to understand that you will be there for her when she calls out for you.
This develops the feeling of security, which is very important.
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